Ray Charles is recognized as being the inventor of Soul music. Soul is basically the combination of Gospel and Jazz.
Ray Charles did it best and he did it first. Blind from a very young age, he went on to make his mark in the entertainment world and was given the nickname of "genius". Ray was in the first class inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. Ray was born in Georgia, but spent his early life in Florida. After his parents died, he traveled to Seattle, Washington where he started a wonderful career giving us the music that we will always remember. Ray Charles is gone now and we all miss him. This little tribute to Ray is written with all the love I can give it.
Ray Charles could easily be put into the category of Rock and Roll. In fact, he has done it all.
Introduction - The time I saw Ray Charles in person and introducing the book. The Early Years - His growing up in rural Florida. Losing His Sight - Did you know Ray was born with sight? How did he lose it? On His Own - After his parents died, he was really on his own. His start in music. Seattle, Washington - Why did he move all the way to Seattle? First Record Contract - Recording his first records in the late Forties. Atlantic Records - He hits the big time with a major label. Making Country His Own - Why did Ray decide to sing country songs and how did that affect his career?
Third Strike - fighting a battle with drugs for some 20 years life, he finally hits bottom.
The Eighties - As music tastes change, how does Ray change to keep himself current? The Nineties - Continuing to re-invent himself. The End of a Fascinating Life - His death in Legacy of Ray Charles - Highlights of accomplishments and awards he received throughout his life. Afterword - My closing thoughts. Discography - A list of the major works by Ray Charles.
It's a Long Story. By refusing to play venues that did not treat black patrons as equals or that employed Jim Crow tactics to unjustly separate the races, Charles helped lobby for race equality and civil justice in the States. Fellow Atlantic labelmate Ruth Brown once recalled the experience of playing dances in the deep, segregated South: In , he refused to play the segregated Bell Auditorium in Augusta, Georgia.
He received criticism and legal fines due to his efforts, but the venue was desegregated a year later. Ray Charles died on June 10, That same year the release of the critically acclaimed biopic Ray portrayed a man whose music was larger than life. Nevertheless, his life was subject to racial discrimination, marred by physical disability and riddled by emotional distress. This complex set of circumstances masterfully defines both Ray Charles and soul music, the marriage of the pain of the blues to the spiritually emancipating power of the gospel. Fortunately, Atlantic Records and its pioneering fathers had the foresight to partner with an artist like Ray Charles to bring soul to the world, the soul hidden at the core of American society.
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His final album, Genius Loves Company , released two months after his death, consists of duets with admirers and contemporaries: The album included a version of Harold Arlen 's and E. Harburg 's " Over the Rainbow ", sung as a duet with Johnny Mathis, which was played at Charles's memorial service. Charles was married twice and had 12 children with ten different women. His first child, Evelyn, was born in to his companion, Louise Flowers. His first marriage was to Eileen Williams Robinson and lasted from July 31, , until the following year, Their first child together, Ray Jr.
Charles was not in town for the birth because he was playing a show in Texas. The couple had two more children, David and Robert Charles felt that his heroin addiction took a toll on Della during their marriage.
Charles had a six-year-long affair with Margie Hendricks, one of the original Raelettes, and in they had a son, Charles Wayne. His affair with Mae Mosley Lyles resulted in another daughter, Renee, born in Charles first tried recreational drugs when he played in McSon Trio and was eager to try them as he thought they helped musicians create music and tap into their creativity.
He later became addicted to heroin for sixteen years. He was first arrested in the s, when he and his bandmates were caught backstage with loose marijuana and drug paraphernalia, including a burnt spoon, syringe, and needle.
Read "Legends of Soul: Ray Charles" by James Hoag with Rakuten Kobo. Welcome to Volume 2 in the Legends of Soul uzotoqadoh.tk you have read any of The. Legends of Soul - Ray Charles - Kindle edition by James Hoag. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Use features like.
The arrest did not deter Charles's drug use, which only escalated as he became more successful and made more money. Charles was arrested again on a narcotics charge on November 14, , while waiting in an Indiana hotel room before a performance. The detectives seized heroin, marijuana, and other items. Charles, then 31, stated that he had been a drug addict since the age of The case was dismissed because of the manner in which the evidence was obtained,  but Charles's situation did not improve until a few years later.
In , Charles was arrested for possession of marijuana and heroin. Francis Hospital in Lynwood, California , he received five years' probation for his crime. Charles responded to the saga of his drug use and reform with the songs "I Don't Need No Doctor", "Let's Go Get Stoned", and the release of Crying Time , his first album since having kicked his heroin addiction in Charles enjoyed playing chess, using a special board with raised squares and holes for the pieces.
In , Morehouse College honored Charles with the Candle Award for Lifetime Achievement in Arts and Entertainment,  and later that same year granted him an honorary doctor of humane letters. Charles possessed one of the most recognizable voices in American music.
He recorded a string of country albums and had hit singles in duets with singers such as George Jones , Chet Atkins , B. The Sound of the City. Charles had always played piano for other people, but he was keen to have his own band. Seems Like a Nice Boy. In , Charles's career was halted once more after he was arrested for a third time for possession of heroin.
In the words of musicologist Henry Pleasants:. Sinatra, and Bing Crosby before him, had been masters of words. Ray Charles is a master of sounds. His records disclose an extraordinary assortment of slurs, glides, turns, shrieks, wails, breaks, shouts, screams and hollers, all wonderfully controlled, disciplined by inspired musicianship, and harnessed to ingenious subtleties of harmony, dynamics and rhythm It is either the singing of a man whose vocabulary is inadequate to express what is in his heart and mind or of one whose feelings are too intense for satisfactory verbal or conventionally melodic articulation.
He can't tell it to you. He can't even sing it to you.
He has to cry out to you, or shout to you, in tones eloquent of despair—or exaltation. The voice alone, with little assistance from the text or the notated music, conveys the message. Pleasants continues, "Ray Charles is usually described as a baritone, and his speaking voice would suggest as much, as would the difficulty he experiences in reaching and sustaining the baritone's high E and F in a popular ballad. But the voice undergoes some sort of transfiguration under stress, and in music of gospel or blues character he can and does sing for measures on end in the high tenor range of A, B flat, B, C and even C sharp and D, sometimes in full voice, sometimes in a ecstatic head voice, sometimes in falsetto.
In falsetto he continues up to E and F above high C. On one extraordinary record, 'I'm Going Down to the River' His style and success in the genres of rhythm and blues and jazz had an influence on a number of highly successful artists, including, as Jon Pareles has noted, Elvis Presley , Aretha Franklin , Stevie Wonder , Van Morrison , and Billy Joel. In the middle of the night with friends, we were listening to jazz. Then I thought 'One day, if I make some people feel only one-twentieth of what I am feeling now, it will be quite enough for me.
Ray , a biopic portraying his life and career between the mids and , was released in October , starring Jamie Foxx as Charles. Foxx won the Academy Award for Best Actor for the role. In , Charles was one of the first musicians born in the state to be inducted into the Georgia Music Hall of Fame.
In , he was awarded the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award. In , he was given an honorable doctorate degree in fine arts by the University of South Florida. In , he was awarded the National Medal of Arts. In , Charles was awarded an honorary degree by Dillard University , and upon his death he endowed a professorship of African-American culinary history at the school, the first such chair in the nation. President Barack Obama said that "Ray Charles's version of ' America the Beautiful ' will always be in my view the most patriotic piece of music ever performed—because it captures the fullness of the American experience, the view from the bottom as well as the top, the good and the bad, and the possibility of synthesis, reconciliation, transcendence.
On March 15, , shortly after the release of the hit song "Georgia on My Mind" , then Albany, Georgia -born musician was scheduled to perform at a dance at Bell Auditorium in Augusta , but cancelled the show after learning from students of Paine College that the larger auditorium dance floor would be restricted to whites, while blacks would be obligated to sit in the Music Hall balcony. The following year, Charles did perform at a desegregated Bell Auditorium concert together with his backup group the Raelettes on October 23, ,    as depicted in the film, Ray.
Founded in , the Ray Charles Foundation maintains the mission statement of financially supporting institutions and organizations in the research of hearing disorders. Recipients of donations include Benedict College , Morehouse College , and other universities. The library was founded to "provide an avenue for young children to experience music and art in a way that will inspire their creativity and imagination", and is not open to the public without reservation, as the main goal is to educate mass groups of underprivileged youth and provide art and history to those without access to such documents.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the rhythm and blues singer.
For other uses, see Ray Charles disambiguation. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. December Learn how and when to remove this template message. Swing Time Concord Columbia Flashback. However, most other reliable sources give his birth name as Ray Charles Robinson, and his birthplace as Albany, Georgia.
It has been suggested that there has been a misinterpretation and that Horace Charles Robinson was in fact a half-brother. Archived from the original on October 12, Retrieved June 13, Retrieved September 25, Retrieved 15 December Ray Charles , About. Retrieved November 9, Modern Sounds in Country and Western Music ".
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