Reference Previous Chapter Chapter 7: Show Hide Page Numbers. Email Please log in from an authenticated institution or log into your member profile to access the email feature.
Looks like you do not have access to this content. Click here for free trial login. Memory for Pictures and Actions Chapter 3: Prospective Memory and Aging: Memory Source Monitoring Applied Chapter 5: From Theory to Application Chapter 6: Working Memory Beyond the Laboratory Chapter 7: False Memory Chapter 8: Memory and Emotion Chapter The Testing Effect Chapter The Effects of Self-Reference on Memory: When I Think of You: Memory for Persons and Groups Chapter Memory, Attitudes, and Persuasion Chapter Individual Differences in Remembering Chapter Prior to receiving psychotherapy, she was a bright and intelligent young woman with her life ahead of her.
Her story highlights the inherent dangers associated with unproven psycho-therapeutic techniques which seek to recover putative repressed memories of childhood trauma, in particular childhood sexual abuse. The latter is an abhorrent crime that can have devastating consequences for victims.
But this is simply not supported by the empirical evidence. Psychologists should explore with any client who reports recovering a memory of abuse that it may be an accurate memory of an actual event, may be an altered or distorted memory of an actual event, or may be a false memory of an event that did not happen. Psychologists should be alert also to the personal responsibility they hold for the foreseeable consequence of their actions. The following observations have been made:. Available editions United Kingdom.
Yet, while we must not lose sight of this, it is also important to remember that no one benefits from false allegations. Victims of childhood sexual abuse have difficulty forgetting —- not remembering -— what happened. False memory also has serious consequences and can lead to family breakdown and miscarriages of justice. The field of anomalistic psychology attempts to propose and, where possible, empirically test explanations for bizarre experiences based purely upon accepted psychological principles.
Based upon my own anomalistic psychology research and that of others, there is little doubt in my mind that sincerely held bizarre memories of past lives and alien abductions are best explained as being false memories. Such memories can sometimes be distressing for those that hold them but rarely cause distress for others.
Unfortunately, this is not true of Satanic abuse claims. For many people, it is all too easy to believe, even in the absence of convincing evidence, that memories of childhood sexual abuse may be repressed and then recovered during psychotherapy.
This is partly because it is sadly true that such abuse is a lot more common than was once accepted. The psychoanalytic notion of repression is that when something extremely traumatic happens an automatic involuntary defence mechanism kicks in that pushes the memory for the trauma into an inaccessible part of the mind.
But this is simply not supported by the empirical evidence. The only definitive way to tell false memories from real ones is by reference to independent external evidence.
Subjectively, false memories can be every bit as detailed and compelling as real ones. In the case of Carol Felstead, it would have been a very easy matter to have checked her claims with the documented historical record and to have established that they were delusions.
Instead, those that treated her uncritically accepted her account and fuelled those delusions. Allegations of childhood abuse should always be listened to and examined carefully.
Being Well Together — Manchester, Manchester. Walter Carroll Lunchtime Concerts: Oriental Breeze — Manchester, Manchester. Available editions United Kingdom.
Breakdown Memories (True Life Events.) - Kindle edition by Linda Corby. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Breakdown Memories True Life Events English Edition - In this site is not the same as a solution reference book you buy in a folder gathering or download off the.
Christopher French , Goldsmiths, University of London. Unhappy memories of a past that never was. Implanting false memories One of the techniques that has been shown to result in false memories is asking people to imagine events that never actually took place.