follow site From Friday morning till Motza'ei Shabbat there was light. When it suddenly became dark, Adam took two stones, struck them together, brought forth fire, and recited the blessing borei me'orei ha'eish. He then saw that he remained with nails only on his fingertips. As a remembrance of this, during Havdalah , which marks the end of Shabbat and the start of the weekdays, we look at our fingernails. Since Adam's sinning and the subsequent punishment of remaining with nails only on the fingertips was caused by the woman, it is the custom of many women not to look at the fingernails when they recite the berachah of borei me'orei ha'eish.
Some also have a custom afterwards to open the hand and look at the back of the nails Shulchan Aruch Harav The reason for first closing the hand and then opening it is to say that till now the hands were, so to say, tied and unable to do any work due to Shabbat restrictions. Now that it is after Shabbat , the hands are "released" and it is permitted for them to do work. In the Gemara Pesachim a Rabbi Yochanan says that there are three who are among those who will inherit the World to Come.
One of them is one who recites Havdalah over a cup of wine at the end of Shabbat. The Gemara explains that this means that he leaves over wine [in his cup] from Kiddush for Havdalah. See Shulchan Aruch Harav Why is this rewarded so greatly? In addition to the literal meaning, this can be explained as an allegory. Kiddush introduces the holiness of Shabbat , when one leaves his daily mundane activities and ascends into a day of spiritual exaltation.
Havdalah , on the other hand, brings one back to mundane, day-to-day life. Thus, Kiddush is a synonym for moments of spiritual elevation and Havdalah for ordinary day-to-day activities. After Havdalah , the following is said: May God give you of the dew of the heavens, of the fatness of the earth and an abundance of grain and wine. Peoples shall serve you and nations bow down to you; be master over your brothers, and your mother's sons shall bow down to you.
Those who curse you shall be cursed, and those who bless you, blessed. And may the Almighty, the Omnipotent, bless you and make you fruitful and numerous, so that you may become an assembly of peoples. May He bestow upon you the blessing of Abraham, upon you and upon your progeny with you, that you may inherit the land where you dwell, which God had given to Abraham.
It is from the Almighty of your father who will help you, from the Omnipotent One who will bless you with blessings of heavens above, with blessings of the deep that couches below, with blessings of breast and womb. He will love you and bless you and multiply you; He will bless the fruit of your womb and the fruit of your land, your grain, your wine and your oil, the offspring of your cattle and the flocks of your sheep on the land which He swore to your ancestors to give to you.
You shall be blessed more than all the nations; there shall be no barren male or female among you or among your cattle. Adonai will remove from you all illness; none of the severe maladies of Egypt which you knew will He bring upon you, rather He will inflict them upon all your enemies. Yitzchak's intent was that even if, G-d forbid, Yaakov was destined to experience Hashem's attribute of din , it should be converted and turned into mercy. Standing on the threshold of the new week, we recite passages of blessing and salvation to beseech Hashem that the coming week be blessed with success in abundant measure.
By starting with this verse we allude that even if, G-d forbid, something unpleasant was destined, His attribute of mercy should prevail and transform everything to our benefit and give us, "Of the dew of the heavens, and of the fatness of the earth. Adonai , your God, has multiplied you, and you are today as numerous as the stars in the sky.
May Adonai , God of your fathers, make you so many more as you are now a thousand times, and bless you as He promised you. What was his motive in comparing them to fish? Once the Roman government issued a decree forbidding Torah study. Papus ben Yehudah saw Rabbi Akiva conducting Torah classes and asked him, "Do you not fear punishment by law? A fox was strolling along the riverbank and noticed fish swimming swiftly from place to place. He asked, "Why are you running? Without it we will definitely perish Berachot 61b. Alternatively, the life of a fish depends in a large measure on its vitality and ability to swim upstream.
If it permits itself to be swept along by the current it will be in danger. It is only because the Creator has endowed the fish with the precious instinct of self-preservation, whereby it is able to swim upstream against the forces of the billowing waves, that it can survive.
Vedibarta Bam: And You Shall Speak of Them - Birkat Hamazon - Kindle edition by Rabbi Moshe Bogomilsky. Download it once and read it on your Kindle. Grant abundant joy to these loving friends, as You bestowed gladness upon Your created being in the Garden of Eden of old. Blessed are You, Adonai, Who.
Yaakov blessed his children to be capable and willing to swim upstream and resist the temptation of running with the herd and swimming with the tide. In what ways are the Jewish people like stars?
The stars twinkle in the high heavens. By their light, even one who walks in the darkness of night will not blunder. Every Jew, man or woman, possesses enough moral and spiritual light to influence friends and acquaintances and bring them out of the "darkness" into the "light.
In reality the stars are larger than the earth. As we approach them we can begin to appreciate their size and beauty. The same is true of a Jew. Although, he may superficially appear to be insignificant, as one becomes closer and gets to know more about him, one can perceive the great and beautiful "pintele Yid" spark of Judaism within him.
How big did Moshe bless the Jewish people to become? Moshe's berachah was much greater: By saying "elef pe'amim" he meant that their number should be doubled one thousand times. In other words, starting with six hundred thousand, after the first "adding to you as you are now" they will be one million two hundred thousand, then when this is doubled, they will be two million four hundred thousand, then four million eight hundred thousand, etc.
Thus, as this is repeated one thousand times, the population will very quickly reach an astronomical figure. It is related that the king of Persia was very impressed with the person who created the game of chess and offered to grant him any wish. The man said to the king, "There are 64 squares on the chess board.
I would be satisfied if you would put a grain of wheat in the first square and double it in the next, and so forth. In the second square there would be two grains, in the third square there would be four. In the tenth square there would be , in the twenty-first there would be over a million, and in the thirty-first there would be over a billion. Moshe responded, "The blessing of one-thousand times is mine, but may He bless you infinitely as He promised you.
I am giving you everything that is included in my name, and may Hashem bless you according to His Divine powers. Blessed shall be your basket and your kneading-bowl. Blessed shall be the fruit of your womb and the fruit of your land, the fruit of your livestock, the increase of your cattle and the offspring of your sheep. Blessed shall you be in your coming, and blessed shall you be in your going.
Thus, while the tzaddik always conducts himself in the middle path, the ba'al teshuvah who is mending his ways and was once extremely on the "left," now has to go over extremely to the "right" ibid 2: Amazon Giveaway allows you to run promotional giveaways in order to create buzz, reward your audience, and attract new followers and customers. Since Adam's sinning and the subsequent punishment of remaining with nails only on the fingertips was caused by the woman, it is the custom of many women not to look at the fingernails when they recite the berachah of borei me'orei ha'eish. Enter your mobile number or email address below and we'll send you a link to download the free Kindle App. May the barren one [Jerusalem] rejoice and be happy at the ingathering of her children to her midst in joy.
Would you like to tell us about a lower price? Learn more about Amazon Prime. Torah subjects to discuss at the Shabbos table. Material for a class on the holiday. Yeshivah of Crown Heights; well-known educator, lecturer and darshan. Read more Read less. Kindle Cloud Reader Read instantly in your browser. Sponsored products related to this item What's this? Page 1 of 1 Start over Page 1 of 1. Discover new spiritual significance with this Christian meditation on the "Meaning of Life".
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