There is also a formal idiom in deutscher Sprache, e. Although Germans commonly refer to their country as Deutschland, it is also very common for them to simply call it die Bundesrepublik, e. Wie lange wohnen Sie schon in der Bundesrepubik? Wo hast du dieses wunderbare Laptop gekauft?
Wie willst du jetzt in deine Jeans kommen? How do you expect to get into your jeans? The range of options is too diverse to be treated here. A more elevated synonym of einsteigen is besteigen, which is a tr. Er bestieg den vollbesetzten Bus. In German trains the conductor der Schaffner walks though the carriages crying out Ist irgendjemand zugestiegen? When you give s. Ich habe zwei Exemplare von diesem Buch. Bescheren is used specifically for the giving out of Christmas presents, i. Note however that when the emphasis is on the mode of transport as a means of getting from A to B, rather than on the action of cycling itself, it is necessary to use mit dem Fahr rad fahren, e.
Similarly with Auto fahren and mit dem Auto fahren. This is rendered in German by wollte n , e. This too is expressed by a variety of words: Rat mal, was ich in der Hand habe! Pistole and Revolver are self-explanatory. The rounded handle of a cup, jug or bucket is a Henkel.
Note that in the present tense these two verbs are identical. Was ist von ihm geworden? What became of him? A colourful colloquial synonym is Du hast Schwein gehabt. Und wie war er? And how was he? Like its English counterpart, this word can also be used figuratively as the opposite of mild mild , e. There are contexts where either hart or schwer might be interchangeable, e.
Kurieren is synonymous with heilen and could be substituted for it in all the above examples. Die Wunde ist ausgeheilt; geheilt is also possible here. Verheilen is only used intr.
In older German houses, for example in a typical farmhouse, you may find a large tiled structure protruding through the wall from the kitchen, where it is the oven, into the lounge where it is the heater—this is a Kachel ofen. Guten Tag is also the accepted greeting when meeting someone for the first time, regardless of the time of day. It is uttered as you put your right hand out to shake hands, usually while mumbling your name at the same time, e.
School or university holidays are always Schul ferien, whereas workers get Urlaub e. Here are some examples: But it is often simpler to avoid the verb hoffen by using the adverb hoffentlich hopefully , e. Even when they do live in a house, there may well be either one or two houses under one roof, called an Ein- or Zweifamilienhaus respectively. A Bungalow is also a free-standing house but it must have a flat roof. Southern equivalents of zu Hause and nach Hause, which are regarded as High German, are daheim and heim respectively, e.
Heimat and Heimatland are synonymous with reference to the country from which one hails; these words have a folkloristic ring to them. When parts of the body are hurting, express it as follows: Schmerzen is synonymous with wehtun with reference to hurting body parts e. Schmerz is not commonly used in the sing. Ach Gott, es ist schon zehn Uhr. This is also the verb for ordering s. Note Nur keine Eile! Consequently the new law to encourage controlled immigration to Germany is called das Zuwanderungsgesetz.
Aussiedler is used for people of German ethnic origin returning to live in Germany after centuries in eastern Europe, chiefly the former Soviet Union. The term Asylant is tricky; for some it is synonymous with Asylbewerber, for others it applies to s. In combination with other adverbs, gleich is used, e. Unmittelbar when used adverbially is synonymous with gleich, e.
If there is no object, use imponieren, e. With regard to people sich verbessern particularly refers to improving achievement, e. Werden Sie meinen Aufsatz bitte verbessern? With reference to s. Die Vereinigten Staaten haben im Synonymous with jdn informieren is jdm mitteilen, e. Anrainer is a synonym of Anwohner, e. Both words commonly occur on signs in Germany to point out that parking, thoroughfare etc. Synonymous with both these words and usually only encountered on signs is Anlieger, e. Was hast du heute vor? But jobben, a German verb derived from the English noun, only relates to casual or part-time working, e.
Much more common is the tr. Aufheben is similar in meaning to aufbewahren but with the emphasis being on not throwing away or not losing rather than being stored in a particular place, e. Heben Sie die Quittung auf! It is also used in the standard expressions ein Versprechen halten to keep a promise and dein Wort halten to keep your word. Killen and der Killer have made their way into German via American films but only refer to the killing or murdering of people. The indigenous words are morden intr. Hinrichten means to execute. Kennst du meinen Bruder?
Kennst du den Weg? Do you know where the path goes? But there are contexts where the theoretical distinction between kennen and wissen, i. The following also require kennen, not wissen: Kennen Sie sich hier aus? But this expression is also applied to expertise in a given field, e. Wie lange hat der Krieg gedauert? Vergangen and vorig are completely synonymous with letzt in these expressions but are stylistically higher, e. Wann haben sie sich zum letztenmal gesehen?
In the former sense zuletzt is very commonly used, e. Wo haben Sie zuletzt gearbeitet? Expressing relief at s. The Germans distinguish between a Rechtsanwalt and a Notar; the latter does not appear in court but deals with forms and documents and is thus in some ways comparable to a solicitor. Wo hast du so gut Deutsch gelernt? Erlernen is a more elevated synonym of lernen that can however only be applied to the finished process of having learnt s.
The hybrid form zumindestens, although not officially recognised, is commonly heard, even from the mouths of well educated people. The former requires lassen, e. It is commonly also possible to use liegen or stehen in combination with lassen in the sense of forgetting s. Wann habt ihr die Party verlassen? With reference to planes abfliegen is used, e. Wann fliegst du ab? When departing on a longer journey you can also use abreisen, e.
Wann reist du ab? Note that in some contexts abfahren von can alternate with verlassen, e. A one-off lecture, not forming part of a tertiary course, is a Vortrag. It can also be used of money. In the sense of borrowing this verb is optionally reflexive i. Wie viele Stunden unterrichtest du in der Woche? Der Brief refers to a postal letter. Legen to lay is a tr. Liegen to lie is an intr. Both hin- and niederlegen are also used as tr. It can also indirectly refer to the device that makes light, e.
The emphasis in the previous example is still on a light as a source of light, not on the light as a device in which case Lampe is more usual, e. Ich mag meine Schwiegermutter sehr gern. An alternative to this is: Gerne is a common alternative form of gern, e. Ich habe Deutsch sehr gern. Schmecken is used for liking food on one occasion, e. What are you doing? What did he actually say? However, there are numerous cases where the distinction is not clear-cut, e. Animals leben even when referring to where they reside, e. In fact, if you briefly glance at anything, these are the verbs to use.
But these verbs can express more than mere glancing. The preposition may vary depending on the context, e. The trick is to know when to use these verbs reflexively. When looking at things intensively, i. Sieh dir dies mal an! Compare Sieh mich mal an! Wer passt denn auf die Kinder auf, wenn du bei der Arbeit bist? Sehen Sie sich ruhig um! This verb can however be used with a meaning similar to um sich herumsehen see next paragraph , e.
This can also be expressed adjectivally, e. More or less synonymous with aussehen, but not nearly as common, is wirken, e.
Take note that wann is also required in indirect questions, e. This is in no mean measure the result of the nuances given to German verbs by the application of prefixes such as be-, ver-, er- and anetc. Warum hat er das getan? What could I have done otherwise? Bereisen is a tr. Zu Besuch, although synonymous, seems to be limited to more formal contexts, e. Die Wunde ist ausgeheilt; geheilt is also possible here.
Sich verirren is synonymous with both the above but is neutral, the mode of movement not being relevant. Was hast du zu Mittag gegessen? It should be noted that das Mittagessen is traditionally the main meal of the day in Germany and is thus assumed to be a hot meal, as opposed to das Abendbrot, which is not. Das Magazin, although possible in both senses, is not common. At German schools marks or grades are given out of six where eine Eins zwei Einsen is the best score and eine Sechs the worst, e.
Synonymous with the six grades are the following: It is to be avoided in everyday language. Anheiraten is usually only found in adjectival form, angeheiratet, where it means related by marriage, e. The main meal of the day for many Germans is lunch see LUNCH , which explains why the lighter bread based meal eaten in the evening is called Abendbrot. A more elaborate hot evening meal is called das Abendessen.
Forget it as it is not in common use. Wann sind die Mahlzeiten in dieser Jugendherberge? Was bedeutet dieses Wort? Was soll das bedeuten? The subject of meinen is nearly always a person, e. Was meinen Sie damit? Hackfleisch or Gehacktes adj. A German staple is of course sausage. Medizin can be used as a synonym of Medikament e , e. Wo habt ihr euch kennen gelernt? The verb takes sein and its object is in the dat.
Sich treffen20 is to meet s. Wo treffen wir uns denn? A variation of this, sich treffen mit, implies quite the reverse to an accidental meeting, e. At a more official level meetings are referred to as Treffen, e. The meetings or sessions are Tagungen. The same root is found in the name of the lower house of the German parliament, der Bundestag, lit.
It is also used with reference to time, e. Mitten can be followed by prepositions other than in, e. It occurs in many geographical names, e. The adjective mittlere is used in a few isolated instances in geographic names, e.
It is hard to give guidelines here and thus some typical examples are possibly the best way to learn how the concept is rendered in German: This verb must be used in the following context: Vermissen is also used in the passive to express that s. There is also a verb missen but this does not usually equate to Eng. Im Augenblick and im Moment are stylistic variants, as are the two adverbs augenblicklich and momentan derived from these nouns.
Stimmung can be synonymous with Laune but if so it occurs in set collocations, e. Wie war die Stimmung auf der Konferenz? But it is also possible in coll. Wie war die allgemeine Laune in Bethlehem? The superlative of the adverb is always the latter, e. Where no noun can be understood only the adverbial form is possible, e. Bezirk is a district within a Kommune. Problems arise when this verb is negated. The former in German is Du darfst es nicht machen, and the latter is either Du brauchst es nicht zu machen or, and this is the the trick, Du musst es nicht machen.
Was hat dich dazu bewogen? Unser Haus liegt beim Bahnhof. Bei is commonly used to indicate that villages and small towns are near larger, better known places, e. The last example in the previous paragraph is the superlative of this. Despite the theoretical difference in connotation between the two words, there are many contexts where either will suffice, e.
It is not possible, for example, to use noch in the following sentence, as it is not in the past tense: It is not however hard to find contexts where the use of nett goes beyond people but it tends to be a bit of a downtoner in such cases, e. Wie war der Film? How did you find the film?
If expressing that you find s.
Only bemerken, not merken, can have a person as its object, e. Bemerken is a more formal word than merken. Anmerken, where the personal object stands in the dat. Was machen wir jetzt? Nun, was machen wir jetzt? Warum hat er das getan? Why did he do that? This word is always preceded by the indefinite article and the following noun can either take the same case as Anzahl or the gen. In practice, however, it is not uncommon for Germans to use scheinbar where they mean anscheinend. If a television or radio etc. Ist das Radio noch an? This pronominal form varies according to gender and case, e.
Erst zehn haben es bislang erhalten. In speech one might ask Sind Sie sonntags offen? But this verb can also be used as an intr. Was ist deine Meinung? The last three examples show the word being used in standard expressions. If the word opposite in the sing.
In the following example too only Gegenteil is permissible as nothing follows: What could I have done otherwise? In the previous examples it is the informality of the former and the formality of the latter that determine usage; in the latter case sonst would be acceptable too, but ansonsten would not be possible in the former.
After you have ordered s. Komm bitte he rein! This is a two-way preposition taking acc. Also use packen when there is no object, e. Hast du schon gepackt? Malen and its derivatives refer to artistic painting therefore Rembrandt was a Maler painter, artist ,26 e. Bemalen is to decorate by painting s. Anmalen is similar in meaning to bemalen but suggests less skill is entailed, e. Note that malen refers to both the painting and the drawing that children do, e. This applies to derivatives too, e. Wo hast du die Zeitung liegen lassen? Was steht auf dem Zettel geschrieben?
Wie die Zeit vergeht! The same action on foot requires vorbeigehen, e. Insasse, however, can refer to all occupants of a vehicle, plane or train including the driver, e. The person sitting next to the driver can be called a Beifahrer, which can also refer to pillion passenger on a motorbike, another word for which is der Sozius. It is true that zahlen often has no object and bezahlen frequently does, e. But both words occur as both tr. Zahlen expresses the handing over of money and is used for fees, taxes, subscriptions etc. For a firm that pays well, zahlen is also required. Bezahlen is used when the object is a person, but zahlen can be used if what is paid for is mentioned, but then the personal object takes the dat.
A ballpoint pen or biro is a Kugelschreiber, commonly 27 Insasse is not limited to vehicles but can also refer to the occupants of a prison or institution. Wie viele Menschen wohnen hier? Menschen, as opposed to Leute, stresses the individuals in a given group and it is a weightier word than Leute. Leute refers to people seen to be belonging to a specific class or group, e.
In theory any adjective can be nominalised in this way, e. Was wird man dazu sagen? Note that man has case forms, i. They are used in combination with the nouns Abend, Morgen, Nachmittag and Nacht, which are thus written with capital letters but were written with small letters under the old spelling, e. Was machst du heute Abend? All the above periods of the day can be compounded with the names of the days of the week, previously written as two words but as one under the new spelling, e.
The following are all adverbs: Genehmigen is used for the approving of official bodies authorising s. Pulver also occurs in the following compounds: The following would also be possible: Whenever you prefer doing s. From the same verb is derived the adj. Verhindern is only used with reference to people in the expression Er kann nicht kommen. Mach was du willst. A Pastor may be protestant or catholic depending on the region and this word can also be used as a title before a surname.
Crucial to the distinctions outlined below are whether the person concerned has a doctorate or also a Habilitation, a sort of second doctorate required to qualify for consideration for a Professur a chair. A wissenschaftlicher Assistent has a Ph. A Dozent has a Ph. A Lektor only exists in Arts. Er ist noch jung und unerfahren. Every village has at least one Gasthaus or Gasthof etc. Kneipe is a colloquial word which can refer to all the above but also simply a bar; Andy Capp is always down at the Kneipe, for example. Although das Lokal can also be synonymous with all the above, your regular drinking hole is your Stammlokal.
Strafen, on the other hand, suggests something more elevated such as divine punishment, e. These word couplets need to be learned: Something that ends up in a lying position requires legen, e. A chair, which naturally stands, always requires stellen, e. Exactly where the German draws the line between things that stand and things that lie and thus things that require stellen instead of legen is not always absolutely clear; a saucer steht auf dem Tisch and thus requires stellen, whereas a knife liegt auf dem Tisch and thus requires legen.
Steck dies in deine Tasche! But stecken also describes the result of this action, e. Wo hast du die Zeitung hingetan? The hardest of all the alternatives given above to prescribe the correct use of is setzen. It can be literal, e. When the period of time is not mentioned, hinausschieben is used, e. When it qualifies an adjective or adverb it can be either very positive or be used to tone the following word down. German ganz too has both meanings but is most usually used with the former meaning, which means it is often synonymous with sehr, e. Aufgehen is used for dough rising and the sun, e.
Note that this verb takes haben, unlike an steigen and aufgehen. But eher is not interchangeable with lieber in the following construction, e. Ablesen is also used for reading lips, e. Neulich is very close in meaning to the above but is vaguer and is possibly further back in the past. Note that only seit kurzem can be used if the action started in the recent past and continues into the present, e. In letzter Zeit and its synonym neuerdings refer to a period of time leading up to the present, e. Vorhin, being the most recent of all, refers to just now, just a moment ago, earlier on today.
Warum verweigern immer mehr junge Manner den Wehrdienst? As the last two examples illustrate, this is the verb required when you refuse someone something and the person stands in the dat. Bedauern can be followed by an object or a dass clause, e. Bereuen smacks more of repenting for sins and guilt, e. Relations between countries are Beziehungen usually pl. The prefix Familien- can be dropped if context makes the meaning clear, e.
The following idioms express the concept adjectivally rather than nominally, e. When instead of an object a dass clause follows, daran is optional, e. You, the tenant or renter, are the Mieter and the person renting to you is the Vermieter, and what you pay is die Miete. Verleihen is a more elevated word for vermieten, usually seen in nominal form, e. You may occasioanlly encounter anmieten, where the connotation is renting for a limited period of time for a specific purpose; for example, the previous example with mieten means the university is renting the building on an on-going basis, but anmieten would imply it is only temporary, e.
It can either mean who caused s. If expressing this nominally, Verantwortung is more likely to be used than Verantwortlichkeit, e. Synonymous with the above is in Pension gehen34 and sich pensionieren lassen. All these are of course intr. German freeways Autobahnen and federal roads have names like A3 and A40—such road names are feminine, e. Allee, despite appearances, renders an avenue and is thus something quite grand.
A house consists of a number of Zimmer, e. Saal and Raum are more or less synonymous but are not interchangeable in all compounds. Stube sounds a bit old-fashioned these days but when it is used for a room in a house, it refers to a loungeroom and implies homeliness and cosiness. Kammer is small and not commonly used any more except in certain standard compounds, e.
Fahren wir in die Stadt? Shall we drive into town? But where the definite article is combined with a preceding preposition, this is not possible, e. It has to be admitted that the distinction between these two words is no longer made by many Germans. Einsparen means to save by cutting back, e. When you wish to spare s. Hast du es auf deiner Festplatte oder auf einer Diskette gespeichert?
Was hat er zu dir gesagt? What follows is a brief summary of the types of school that exist with broad definitions to be able to equate them with those in English-speaking societies. As education is not a federal responsibility, there are slight variations in the schools system from Bundesland to Bundesland. Schule is a general word, as in English, but it is never used to refer to university as is common in America. You then progress to either the Hauptschule till the 9th class, leading to the general leaving certificate called der Hauptschulabschluss 35 or the Realschule till the 10th class, age These are both a junior high school which you attend prior to continuing with the Berufsschule technical college, i.
The Handelsschule is for those seeking office employment e. The more academically inclined intending to go on to university, progress from the Grundschule after year 4 to the Gymnasium classes 5—13 , previously called Oberschule; one might equate Gymnasium with grammar school. It in itself is a qualification for nothing. The Berufsschule is also completed with an Abschluss.
The exam done at the conclusion of the Realschule is called die Mittlere Reife, which is the first public exam done at high school and thus in Britain equivalent to O-Levels.
Mastering German vocabulary: a practical guide to troublesome words/Bruce Donaldson. p. cm. Includes bibliographical references and index. 1. German. uzotoqadoh.tk: Mastering German Vocabulary: A Practical Guide to Troublesome Words (German and English Edition) (): Bruce Donaldson.
Note the expression die Realschule absolvieren, e. The exam done at the conclusion of the Gymnasium is called das Abitur or Abi for short , which is the school leaving examination on the basis of which one gains admission to university, thus A-Levels in Britain. These days several of the above school types may be housed under the one roof and the aggregate of them all is called a Gesamtschule or Schulzentrum comprehensive school , but these terms can vary in meaning depending on the Bundesland.
A Fachhochschule is tertiary but not as illustrious as a university and is more practically and vocationally orientated. Selbst is only added to these reflexive forms where emphasis is required, e. Das kann sein, dass du mich kennst, aber kennst du dich selbst? This is unusual as words ending in -ik are otherwise feminine. Werden Sie meine Post bitte nachschicken? Verschicken, unlike versenden, can also be used of people being evacuated, e.
Das meinst du doch nicht ernst! But Ist das dein Ernst? Despite the above, the distinction between ernst and im Ernst is not always clear-cut, e. Ernst is seldom used as an adverb. Ernsthaft can only be used as an attributive adj. But a shop assistant is likely to ask you Womit kann ich Ihnen dienen? Dienen, whose object takes the dat. Pipi machen is used chiefly by and to children, e. There is a series of less common euphemisms which can be directly compared with their English translations, e.
These days it is trendy for the names of certain shops to incorporate the word Shop, but it is not otherwise used as a generic term, e. More elevated than krank sein is erkrankt sein which must be used when the illness is mentioned, e. Sich ausschweigen to remain silent is used instead of schweigen when you remain silent about s.
Leise is the opposite of laut and means making little noise, e. Seit is first and foremost a preposition that takes the dative case, e. It can also be used as a conjunction, introducing a new clause, but in this function seitdem is more commonly used, e. Seitdem, in addition to being a conjunction, as just illustrated, is also an adverb, e. In this function it is interchangeable with seither, but seitdem is more usual. Das Schiff ist gesunken, Die Piraten haben das Schiff versenkt.
Senken is used more fig. Note that sitzen auf takes a dative, as it expresses place, whereas sich setzen auf takes an accusative as it is seen to express a motion. The addition of the verbal prefix hin- or niederis optional but use of it emphasises the motion involved, e.
Setzen can be seen as the tr. In the previous examples, where there is no direct object as such, you can regard the sich as the object, i. If you sleep in, as on a Sunday morning, the verb required is ausschlafen, which takes haben, e. Also, was willst du heute Abend machen? Was, du hast kein Geld? Du kommst also nicht mit, oder? Thus the trick is to know where it must be translated when followed by a plural noun.
When a contrast is directly stated or implied, the usual translation is einige, e. The above use of welches with reference to a mass noun also has a parallel with reference to a plural, e. Er hat Anteile an BMW gekauft. He has bought some shares in BMW. Ich kenne auch einige Schauspieler ; this final form, not followed by the noun, could equally be expressed by welche, e.
Ich kenne auch welche. Note too the compulsory use of irgend with irgendwo somewhere and irgendwann some time. Note that with reference to animals Art also translates species, e. I need some money, Do you need any money? No such distinction is made in German. The former word is somewhat more formal, e. A Knall is a loud sound, bang or crack, e. The sound or roar of waves, rustling or swishing sounds, as well as the hissing of radios and loudspeakers and swooshing down of rain are all described by the word Rauschen.
Note that reden is often used in southern Germany and Austria where northerners would favour sprechen. There are several other synonymous words typical of certain regions e. Mit wem spreche ich? Reden could have been used here too, as above. In welchem Hotel habt ihr gewohnt? Dampfen and dunsten are the intr. Somewhat more elevated but synonymous is nach wie vor, e.
You hear both, e. Halten is also the verb required for the idiom Haltet den Dieb! Stehen bleiben43 is used of people when walking, but also vehicles when the implication is one of stopping momentarily before proceeding on, e. Sturm is also used fig. The loanword Story is not uncommon and is synonymous with Geschichte in this sense. Streben nach, an intr. Bestreben does not occur as a verb but does as a noun and an adjective, bestrebt. In keeping with studieren being used for university level learning, Student in can only refer to s.
They are all more or less synonymous. Sicher is optionally but very commonly idiomatically used in combination with the dative of the reflexive pronoun, e. Verwundern is a less common synonym of sich wundern, but verwundern is a tr. And finally there is also a verb staunen, whose use is rather limited, e. Nimm dies bitte zu deinem Onkel mit!
Schmecken is also used as a tr. When the government puts a tax on things, besteuern is the word, e. Was tun Sie beruflich? Beibringen can be synonymous with lehren but is always accompanied by the thing and the person taught and is commonly used of skills not necessarily acquired through formal instruction, e.
Wer hat dir das beigebracht? Who taught you to do that? Jdm eine Lektion erteilen renders the fig. Compare beibringen where the person taught must be in the dat. Du bist zuckerkrank, nicht? Wer hat dir das gesagt? Who told you that? Vater, wirst du mir bitte meine Vokabeln abfragen? Note the use of bei with the person being thanked when sich bedanken is used: Was willst denn machen?
It is not in fact impossible to hear dann being used in such cases either. There is even an adjective derived from damals, damalig, e. A synonym of damals is zu der Zeit, pronounced stressing der. In the south da can be synonymous with hier, e. Wie lange wohnen Sie schon da? When used with verbs of motion indicating a direction away from the speaker, they must either have -hin suffixed to them or be used in combination with a hin placed at the end of the clause, e. Unser Sohn wohnt in Ostfriesland. Da and dort also occur with -her suffixed to them.
It is very common to hear daher with this meaning prefixed by a superfluous von, e. Firstly there are important syntactical differences to note: But es gibt is also the required expression that denotes general existence not referring to a particular place, e. Note, however, that in the latter case, the es is dropped if the sentence starts with an expression of place or time, e.
The previous sentence is an example of why this issue is not always clear-cut because with an event, as is the case in that sentence, it is also possible to use es gibt, e. See Durrell , page for more on this complex issue. A sentence like Es wohnt ein alter Mann in diesem Haus can be translated into English in three ways: The last alternative sounds rather bookish, but is the one that corresponds closest to the German. Although German could say here Ein alter Mann wohnt in diesem Haus, the construction with es is preferable. German could of course use es gibt here.
Sache can also refer to concrete things, but in very general terms, e. Denken is generally speaking only used when your thoughts are devoted to s. Woran denkst du jetzt? Denken von relates to having an opinion about s. Was denkst du davon? This expression is very close in meaning to the next item with which it is commonly interchangeable. Ich werde es mir durch den Kopf gehen lassen. This expression can also have a negative connotation but there will usually be some indication of this, e. It is possible for a person to be the object of drohen but the object must be in the dative case, e.
A more official sounding word for modes of transport is Fahrschein, a word you will often see written. It is not, however, impossible for other tickets to be referred to by this word, e. Erstmals is synonymous with zum erstenmal, e. Wie lange wohnst du schon in England? When any country is qualified by an adjective, the definite article must be used i. Bist du jemals in Deutschland gewesen? Sie geht auf eine Party is also possible see AT. This can, however, be expressed by means of a simple dative with no preposition, but then the word order changes compare the English translations of the above and the following , e.
Note that with geben only the option with the simple dative is possible, e. Germans do not insist on using euphemisms e. Otherwise the most neutral word is Toilette pron. The full forms Klosett and WC 48 The distinction here, if any, is that with in you are thinking more of the building and with zu more of the purpose.
Abtasten is also used when s. You may even hear Ort lit. Bereisen is a tr. Wie lange dauert die Fahrt von Bremen nach Hamburg? Want to Read Currently Reading Read. Refresh and try again. Open Preview See a Problem? Thanks for telling us about the problem. Return to Book Page. A Practical Guide to Troublesome Words really liked it 4. How often have you looked up an English word in a German dictionary only to be confronted by a bewildering array of German equivalents? This reference explains how to use over common German words correctly, using example sentences in German with English translations.
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