The largest number of papers in the volume concern themselves with Demeter and Isis as well as other related cults. Gasparro details a selection of the textual evidence for the Thesmophoria before offering an overview of the sanctuary of Demeter at Poseidonia-Paestum in San Nicola di Albanella using the evidence derived from the texts. The conclusions indicate that this particular cult had its roots in local tradition and, in contrast to the Thesmophoria as practiced elsewhere in the Graeco-Roman world, involved active participation by both men and women.
The nature of the divinities to which the sanctuary is dedicated could be interpreted as an attempt by Herodes to publicly display his innocence.
The focus is on the deposits at the shrine, including those which have erotic overtones Both Pan and Dionysus play a role here, and MacLachan also makes a tentative connection to the Orphic narratives. As a result, the arguments in this paper relate to the underworld presented by Edmonds earlier in the volume. The chthonic connection is further strengthened by the inclusion of the figure of Euthymos, a local hero. What emerges from this evidence is a cult that appears to have roots in a number of different traditions, mainly pertaining to experiences of transition or rites of passage.
The relative positions of Isis and Osiris within the Roman pantheon are explored by Brenk. However, at Pompeii, Isis was supreme.
Brenk attributes this difference to the relative positions of these deities in the eyes of the emperors. The remainder of the paper focuses upon the frescoes from the temple at Pompeii, exploring the iconography that documents the supremacy of Isis over her brother. Our knowledge of the cult of Isis in southern Italy is further developed through the interpretation of the evidence at Cumae. Caputo summarises the archaeological evidence pertaining to a small building complex with a pool.
The finds from within the pool itself show a strong Egyptian connection as well as evidence of deliberate breakage before deposition.
The question Caputo asks is whether this material can be interpreted as an indication that Cumae had its own Isaeum. The paper argues that this is indeed the case, and that there may be additional evidence for Egyptian cults within the city. The final paper in the section on Demeter and Isis also relates to Dionysus and Orpheus. Her paper highlights the common themes of death, agricultural cycles and fertility. Herakles is also included, despite having no associated cult, because his participation in the Eleusinian mysteries warrants discussion.
The last section of the volume deals with Mithras. Two of the papers focus on the Mithraeum at Capua Vetere. Martin considers the roles of Amor and Psyche in Mithraic religion through the application of cognitive theory. The evidence for a relationship between Amor, Psyche, and Mithras is extremely limited; a difficulty which extends to Mithraic cult and its practice as well, due to the lack of textual evidence p.
Martin argues that his role is dependent on the concept that Amor is present in the cult as a guide for the soul of the initiate through his trials. The idea of initiation through bodily suffering is present in studies of Christian martyrdom and Gordon draws on this evidence to support his conclusion. The enigmatic nature of these frescoes is also emphasised, especially in relation to the lack of concrete interpretation which has led many studies of Mithraic initiation and cult ritual to avoid them. Palmer focuses his paper on the characteristic bull sacrifice of Mithraism-- the Tauroctony--with particular emphasis on the wounds inflicted as part of this rite.
The physical difficulties in sacrificing an animal in this manner are explored. The dissection of the foreleg and its significance within Egyptian mythology and astronomy point to an alternate interpretation.
International Journal of the Platonic Tradition 9 1: Arts and Humanities, Misc in Arts and Humanities. Find it on Scholar.
Request removal from index. From the Publisher via CrossRef no proxy booksandjournals. Bemporad e Figlio, Rose - - The Classical Review 38 Carlo Clausen, Torino e Palermo, Shuckburgh - - The Classical Review 9 Translated From the Italian by C.
The University of Chicago Press. Stuart Jones - - The Classical Review 26 Tejera - - Journal of the History of Philosophy 11 4: The Art of Magna Graecia.
An anthology of important discoveries exploring the "mystery religions" of the classical world. This collection of essays brings new insight to the study of mystic cults in the ancient world, particularly those that flourished in Magna Graecia (essentially the .
Ceserani Italy's Lost Greece. Magna Graecia and the Making of Modern Archaeology. Oxford University Press, Zuntz - - Journal of Hellenic Studies