These proto-Serer clans hold great significance in Serer religion and mythology. Some of these proto-Serer matriclans include the Cegandum and Kagaw , whose historical account is enshrined in Serer religion, mythology and traditions. In Serer culture, inheritance is both matrilineal and patrilineal. The actual handling of these maternal assets such as jewelry, land, livestock, equipment or furniture, etc. The Berber inhabitants of Gran Canaria island had developed a matrilineal society by the time the Canary Islands and their people, called Guanches , were conquered by the Spanish.
The Tamils largely identify with Hinduism , the Sinhalese being primarily Buddhist. Patriarchal social structures apply to all of Sri Lanka, but in the Eastern Province are mixed with the matrilineal features summarized in the paragraph above and described more completely in the following subsection:. According to Kanchana N. Ruwanpura, Eastern Sri Lanka "is highly regarded even among" feminist economists "for the relatively favourable position of its women, reflected" in women's equal achievements in Human Development Indices " HDIs as well as matrilineal and" bilateral "inheritance patterns and property rights".
She "positions Sri Lankan women within gradations of patriarchy by beginning with a brief overview of the main religious traditions," Buddhism , Hinduism , and Islam , "and the ways in which patriarchal interests are promoted through religious practice" in Eastern Sri Lanka but without being as repressive as classical patriarchy. In the Minangkabau matrilineal clan culture in Indonesia , a person's clan name is important in their marriage and their other cultural-related events.
Likewise, when Minangs meet total strangers who share the same clan name, anywhere in Indonesia, they could theoretically expect to feel that they are distant relatives. The Minang people are well-known within their country for their tradition of matrilineality and for their "dedication to Islam" — despite Islam being "supposedly patrilineal".
As further described in the same online source, their matrilineal adat and their Islam religion each help the other to avoid the extremes of some modern global trends: Their strong belief in and practice of adat helps their Islam religion to not adopt a "simplistic anti-Western" version of Islam, while their strong belief in and practice of both Islam and adat helps the Minangs to limit or avoid some undesired effects of modern global capitalism.
The Minangkabau are a prime example of a matrilineal culture with female inheritance. With Islamic religious background of complementarianism and places a greater number of men than women in positions of religious and political power. Inheritance and proprietorship pass from mother to daughter.
The society of Minangkabau exhibits the ability of societies to lack rape culture without social equity of genders. Besides Minangkabau, several other ethnics in Indonesia are also matrilineal and have similar culture as the Minangkabau. They have similar culture as the Minang. Suku Kubu people live in Jambi and South Sumatera. They are around people.
Suku Kerinci people mostly live in Kabupaten Kerinci, Jambi. They are around people Originally, Chinese surnames were derived matrilineally,  although by the time of the Shang dynasty to BCE they had become patrilineal. Archaeological data supports the theory that during the Neolithic period to BCE in China, Chinese matrilineal clans evolved into the usual patrilineal families by passing through a transitional patrilineal clan phase.
Relatively isolated ethnic minorities such as the Mosuo Na in southwestern China are highly matrilineal, and use matrilineal family names , i. See the General practice section of the Mosuo article. Most ethnic groups classified as " Montagnards , Malayo-Polynesian and Austroasian " are matrilineal.
Of communities recognized in the national Constitution as Scheduled Tribes, "some The system of inheritance was known as Marumakkathayam in the Nair community or Aliyasantana in the Bunt and the Billava community, and both communities were subdivided into clans. This system was exceptional in the sense that it was one of the few traditional systems in western historical records of India that gave women some liberty and the right to property. In the matrilineal system, the family lived together in a tharavadu which was composed of a mother, her brothers and younger sisters, and her children.
The oldest male member was known as the karanavar and was the head of the household, managing the family estate. Lineage was traced through the mother, and the children belonged to the mother's family. All family property was jointly owned. In the event of a partition, the shares of the children were clubbed with that of the mother. The karanavar's property was inherited by his sisters' sons rather than his own sons.
For further information see the articles Nair and Bunts and Billava. Amitav Ghosh has stated that, although there were numerous other matrilineal succession systems in communities of the south Indian coast, the Nairs "achieved an unparalleled eminence in the anthropological literature on matrilineality". The Marumakkathayam system is not very common in Kerala and Karnataka these days for many reasons.
Men seek jobs away from their hometown and take their wives and children along with them. In the northeast Indian state Meghalaya , the Khasi , Garo , Jaintia people have a long tradition of a largely matrilinear system in which the youngest daughter inherits the wealth of the parents and takes over their care. A culture similar to the Minangkabau's , above, is present in Negeri Sembilan , Malaysia, ever since West Sumatrans settled there in the 15th century 's.
Some oceanic societies, such as the Marshallese and the Trobrianders,  the Palauans,  the Yapese  and the Siuai,  are characterized by matrilineal descent.
The sister's sons or the brothers of the decedent are commonly the successors in these societies. Matrilineality in Judaism or matrilineal descent in Judaism is the tracing of Jewish descent through the maternal line. Virtually all Jewish communities have followed matrilineal descent from at least early Tannaitic c.
Orthodox Jews , who believe that matrilineality and matriarchy within Judaism are related to the metaphysical concept of the Jewish soul,  maintain that matrilineal descent is an Oral Law from at least the time of the Receiving of the Torah on Mt. In the Five Books of Moses , there are two mentioned examples of Israelites who married apparently non-Hebrew women whose children were Israelite.
Judah married the daughter of a Canaanite man named Shua,  with whom he had one surviving son, Sheilah. As a Jewish Oral Law,  matrilineal descent is not explicitly written as a law in the Torah. For he will turn away your son from following Me, and they will worship the gods of others…"  Conservative Jewish Theologian Rabbi Louis Jacobs dismisses the suggestion that "the Tannaim were influenced by the Roman legal system In the accounts of the Prophets and Writings which covers a time period of nearly a millennium there are two cases of non-Israelite women who voluntarily not resulting from conflict married Israelites where their children were considered Israelite.
Families in Asia provides a unique sociological analysis of family trends in Asia. Stella R. Quah uses demographic and survey data, personal interviews and. Families in Asia: Home and Kin [Stella Quah] on uzotoqadoh.tk *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Families in Asia provides a unique sociological analysis of.
According to the Talmud, both of these women, Ruth and Naamah, formally converted. The Hellenistic Jewish philosopher, Philo of Alexandria c. In practice, Jewish denominations define " Who is a Jew? All denominations of Judaism have protocols for conversion for those who are not Jewish by descent.
Collected articles on women cross-culturally. Can I get a copy? Elder abuse is, according to the WHO: Quah , Hardcover, Revised. Retrieved 23 December University of Michigan Press. Her current research investigates environmental risk factors in childhood obesity.
Orthodox Judaism practices matrilineal descent and considers it axiomatic. This resolution departed from the Reform Movement's previous position requiring formal conversion to Judaism for children without a Jewish mother. As such, they interpret the Hebrew Bible to indicate that Jewishness can only follow patrilineal descent. In , the Reconstructionist movement became the first American Jewish movement to pass a resolution recognizing Jews of patrilineal descent. Certain ancient myths have been argued to expose ancient traces of matrilineal customs that existed before historical records.
The ancient historian Herodotus is cited by Robert Graves in his translations of Greek myths as attesting that the Lycians   of their times "still reckoned" by matrilineal descent, or were matrilineal, as were the Carians. In Greek mythology, while the royal function was a male privilege , power devolution often came through women, and the future king inherited power through marrying the queen heiress.
This is illustrated in the Homeric myths where all the noblest men in Greece vie for the hand of Helen and the throne of Sparta , as well as the Oedipian cycle where Oedipus weds the recently widowed queen at the same time he assumes the Theban kingship. The Picts are widely cited as being matrilineal. A number of other Breton stories also illustrate the motif.
Even the King Arthur legends have been interpreted in this light by some. For example, the Round Table , both as a piece of furniture and as concerns the majority of knights belonging to it, was a gift to Arthur from Guinevere 's father Leodegrance. Arguments also have been made that matrilineality lay behind various fairy tale plots which may contain the vestiges of folk traditions not recorded.
For instance, the widespread motif of a father who wishes to marry his own daughter—appearing in such tales as Allerleirauh , Donkeyskin , The King who Wished to Marry His Daughter , and The She-Bear —has been explained as his wish to prolong his reign, which he would lose after his wife's death to his son-in-law.
Fairy tales with hostility between the mother-in-law and the heroine—such as Mary's Child , The Six Swans , and Perrault's Sleeping Beauty —have been held to reflect a transition between a matrilineal society, where a man's loyalty was to his mother, and a patrilineal one, where his wife could claim it, although this interpretation is predicated on such a transition being a normal development in societies. And he [Jacob] said, "My son shall not go down with you, because his brother is dead, and he [Benjamin] is alone left [from his mother, Rachel], and should misfortune befall him on the way you are going, you will bring down my old age in sorrow to the grave.
And also, indeed, she is my sister, the daughter of my father, but not the daughter of my mother, and she became my wife. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Part of a series on the Anthropology of kinship Basic concepts. Murray Michelle Rosaldo David M. Social Bonding and Nurture Kinship.
Women's suffrage Muslim countries US. First Second Third Fourth. Lists Articles Feminists by nationality Literature American feminist literature Feminist comic books. Akan people and Abusua. On Kerala, see the India section. London and New York: A debate between Robert Briffault and Bronislaw Malinowski, ed. The Rise of Anthropological Theory. Myths of Male Dominance. Collected articles on women cross-culturally. The evolutionary origins of mutual understanding.
London and Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press. Early human kinship was matrilineal. Grandmothering and Female Coalitions. A basis for matrilineal priority? Early Human Kinship was Matriliineal. Molecular Biology and Evolution. Dissertation, University of Witwatersrand this is available online, see pages following p. Eur J Hum Genet. Proc R Soc B. The Seven Daughters of Eve. Bryan Sykes uses "matriname" and states that women adding their own matriname to men's patriname or "surname" as Sykes calls it would really help in future genealogy work and historical record searches.
Sykes also states p. Long live the dead!: Published by Het Spinhuis. Readers may verify this i. The distinctive features of matrilineal descent groups. Gough eds Matrilineal Kinship. University of California Press, pp. Why Violence Has Declined N. All de Witte pages referenced below, and many more pages, are available online via Google Books at https: William Benton, publisher, The University of Chicago.
Archived at WebCite https: University of North Carolina Press. Untitled review of a major ethnographic study of the Tuareg. American Anthropologist , New Series, 68 , No. The main part of this review is available online at www. For tim and den yaay see p. The book also deals in depth about the Serer matriclans and means of succession through the matrilineal line.
An Archaeology of the Margins: Matrilineal Communities, Patriarchal Realities: A Feminist Nirvana Uncovered. Advanced search Search history.
Browse titles authors subjects uniform titles series callnumbers dewey numbers starting from optional. See what's been added to the collection in the current 1 2 3 4 5 6 weeks months years. Cite this Email this Add to favourites Print this page. Catalogue Persistent Identifier https: You must be logged in to Tag Records.
In the Library Request this item to view in the Library's reading rooms using your library card. Details Collect From YY YY hbk Main Reading Room. Order a copy Copyright or permission restrictions may apply. We will contact you if necessary. To learn more about Copies Direct watch this short online video. How do I find a book?
Can I borrow this item?