Fifty-four species of maples meet the International Union for Conservation of Nature criteria for being under threat of extinction in their native habitat. The leaves are used as a food plant for the larvae of a number of the Lepidoptera order. In high concentrations, caterpillars, like the greenstriped mapleworm Dryocampa rubicunda , can feed on the leaves so much that they cause temporary defoliation of host maple trees.
In horticultural applications a dimethoate spray will solve this. In the United States and Canada, all maple species are threatened by the Asian long-horned beetle Anoplophora glabripennis.
Infestations have resulted in the destruction of thousands of maples and other tree species in Illinois, Massachusetts, New Jersey and New York. Maples are affected by a number of fungal diseases. Several are susceptible to Verticillium wilt caused by Verticillium species, which can cause significant local mortality. Sooty bark disease , caused by Cryptostroma species, can kill trees that are under stress due to drought.
Death of maples can rarely be caused by Phytophthora root rot and Ganoderma root decay. Maple leaves in late summer and autumn are commonly disfigured by "tar spot" caused by Rhytisma species and mildew caused by Uncinula species, though these diseases do not usually have an adverse effect on the trees' long-term health. A maple leaf is on the coat of arms of Canada , and is on the Canadian flag. The maple is a common symbol of strength and endurance and has been chosen as the national tree of Canada.
Maple leaves are traditionally an important part of Canadian Forces military regalia, for example the military rank insignia for generals use maple leaf symbols. There are 10 species naturally growing in the country, with at least one in each province. Although the idea of the tree as a national symbol originally hailed from the province of Quebec  where the sugar maple is significant, today's arboreal emblem of Canada rather refers to a generic maple. It is also in the name of Canadian ice hockey club Toronto Maple Leafs. The first attested use of the word was in as "Mapole", and it also appears a century later in Geoffrey Chaucer 's Canterbury Tales , spelled as "mapul".
The maple is also a symbol of Hiroshima , ubiquitous in the local meibutsu. Some species of maple are extensively planted as ornamental trees by homeowners, businesses and municipalities due to their fall colour, relatively fast growth, ease of transplanting, and lack of hard seeds that would pose a problem for mowing lawns.
Particularly popular are Norway maple although it is considered invasive in North America , silver maple , Japanese maple , and red maple. Other maples, especially smaller or more unusual species, are popular as specimen trees. Numerous maple cultivars that have been selected for particular characteristics can be propagated only by asexual reproduction such as cuttings, tissue culture , budding or grafting.
Acer palmatum Japanese maple alone has over 1, cultivars, most selected in Japan, and many of them no longer propagated or not in cultivation in the Western world. Maples are a popular choice for the art of bonsai. Japanese maple Acer palmatum , trident maple A.
Maple collections, sometimes called aceretums , occupy space in many gardens and arboreta around the world including the "five great W's" in England: In the number of species and cultivars, the Esveld Aceretum in Boskoop, Netherlands is the largest in the world. Many maples have bright autumn foliage , and many countries have leaf-watching traditions.
In Japan , the custom of viewing the changing colour of maples in the autumn is called " momijigari ". Nikko and Kyoto are particularly favoured destinations for this activity. In addition, in Korea, the same viewing activity is called "Danpung-Nori" and the Seoraksan and Naejang-san mountains are very famous places for it.
Maples are important as source of syrup and wood. Dried wood is often used for the smoking of food. Charcoal from maples is an integral part of the Lincoln County Process used to make Tennessee whiskey. The sugar maple A. While any Acer species may be tapped for syrup, many do not have sufficient quantities of sugar to be commercially useful. Some of the larger maple species have valuable timber , particularly Sugar maple in North America, and Sycamore maple in Europe.
Sugar maple wood—often known as "hard maple"—is the wood of choice for bowling pins, bowling alley lanes, pool cue shafts , and butcher's blocks. Maple wood is also used for the manufacture of wooden baseball bats , though less often than ash or hickory due to the tendency of maple bats to shatter if they do break.
Today it is the standard maple bat most in use by professional baseball.
Maple wood is often graded based on physical and aesthetic characteristics. The most common terminology includes the grading scale from common 2; which is unselected and often used for craft woods; common 1, used for commercial and residential buildings; clear; and select grade, which is sought for fine woodworking. Some maple wood has a highly decorative wood grain , known as flame maple , quilt maple , birdseye maple and burl wood. This condition occurs randomly in individual trees of several species, and often cannot be detected until the wood has been sawn, though it is sometimes visible in the standing tree as a rippled pattern in the bark.
These select decorative wood pieces also have subcategories that further filter the aesthetic looks.
Maples have a long history of use for furniture production in the United States. Maple is considered a tonewood , or a wood that carries sound waves well, and is used in numerous musical instruments.
Maple is harder and has a brighter sound than mahogany , which is another major tonewood used in instrument manufacture. The back, sides, and neck of most violins , violas , cellos , and double basses are made from maple. Electric guitar necks are commonly made from maple, having good dimensional stability. The necks of the Fender Stratocaster and Telecaster were originally an entirely maple one piece neck, but later were also available with rosewood fingerboards.
Les Paul desired an all maple guitar, but due to the weight of maple, only the tops of Gibson 's Les Paul guitars are made from carved maple, often using quilted or flamed maple tops. Due to its weight, very few solid body guitars are made entirely from maple, but many guitars have maple necks, tops or veneers. Maple is also often used to make bassoons and sometimes for other woodwind instruments like maple recorders. Many drums are made from maple. From the 70s to the 90s, maple drum kits were a vast majority of all drum kits made, but in recent years, birch has become popular for drums once again.
Some of the best drum-building companies use maple extensively throughout their mid-pro range.
As they are a major source of pollen in early spring before many other plants have flowered, maples are important to the survival of honeybees that play a commercially important role later in the spring and summer. Maple is used as pulpwood. The fibers have relatively thick walls that prevent collapsing upon drying.
This gives good bulk and opacity in paper. Maple also gives paper good printing properties. Acer cappadocicum Cappadocian maple. Acer freemanii 'Autumn Blaze' a cross between Acer rubrum and Acer saccharinum. Would you like to tell us about a lower price? Learn more about Amazon Prime. Arabella The Maple Tree is a beautiful childrens bedtime story about a loving mother tree named Arabella and her new leaves. The story centers on Arabella and her littlest leaf, Michael. The story begins in the spring as Arabellas branches fill with news leaves. The story and its enchanting illustrations follow the pair through the seasons and to a new beginning for both.
It is a lovely story that will be cherished by both parents and their children. Read more Read less. Kindle Cloud Reader Read instantly in your browser. Product details File Size: March 30, Sold by: Related Video Shorts 0 Upload your video. Share your thoughts with other customers. Write a customer review. There was a problem filtering reviews right now. Please try again later. I downloaded this book because my co-worker told me how his mother authored the book and his mother-in-law illustrated it. I read this to my son and he liked the story. He still asks for me to read this to him 4 years later.
One person found this helpful. This is a very nice little bedtime story. I read the story to my five year old twins and they loved it. It is a simple story of growing that speaks to all of us. I highly recommend it. My grandchildren absolutely loved this little book. They know about leaves falling from trees and found the book fascinating, I think. Anyway, the girls wanted me to read it to them two times and then moved back through the pictures.
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