Orchard Street , despite its "Bargain District" moniker, is now lined with upscale boutiques. Similarly, trendy restaurants, including Clinton St. In November , the Blue Condominium , a unit, 16 story luxury condominium tower was completed at Norfolk Street just north of Delancey Street, the pixellated, faceted blue design of which starkly contrasts with the surrounding neighborhood.
Following the construction of the Hotel on Rivington one block away, several luxury condominiums around Houston, and the New Museum on Bowery , this new wave of construction is another sign that the gentrification cycle is entering a high-luxury phase similar to in SoHo and Nolita in the previous decade. More recently, the gentrification that was previously confined to north of Delancey Street continued south.
Several restaurants, bars, and galleries opened below Delancey Street after , especially around the intersection of Broome and Orchard Streets. However, unlike The Hotel on Rivington, the Blue Moon used an existing tenement building, and its exterior is almost identical to neighboring buildings. In September , it was announced that the Essex Crossing redevelopment project was to be built in the area, centered around the intersection of Essex and Delancey Streets, but mostly utilizing land south of Delancey Street.
Based on data from the United States Census , the population of Lower East Side was 72,, an increase of 1. Covering an area of The racial makeup of the neighborhood was Hispanic or Latino of any race were One of the oldest neighborhoods of the city, the Lower East Side has long been a lower-class worker neighborhood and often a poor and ethnically diverse section of New York.
As well as Irish , Italians , Poles , Ukrainians , and other ethnic groups, it once had a sizeable German population and was known as Little Germany Kleindeutschland. Since the immigration waves from eastern Europe in the late 19th and early 20th century, the Lower East Side became known as having been a center of Jewish immigrant culture. In her book Lower East Side Memories: An Orthodox Jewish community is based in the area, operating yeshiva day schools and a mikvah. A few Judaica shops can be found along Essex Street and a few Jewish scribes and variety stores.
Some kosher delis and bakeries, as well as a few "kosher style" delis, including the famous Katz's Deli , are located in the neighborhood. Second Avenue in the Lower East Side was home to many Yiddish theatre productions in the Yiddish Theater District during the early part of the 20th century, and Second Avenue came to be known as "Yiddish Broadway," though most of the theaters are gone.
Since the midth century, the area has been settled primarily by immigrants, primarily from Latin America , especially Central America and Puerto Rico. They have established their own groceries and shops, marketing goods from their culture and cuisine.
Bodegas have replaced Jewish shops. They are mostly Roman Catholic. In what is now the East Village , the earlier populations of Poles and Ukrainians have moved on and been largely supplanted by newer immigrants. The immigration of numerous Japanese people over the last fifteen years or so has led to the proliferation of Japanese restaurants and specialty food markets. There is also a notable population of Bangladeshis and other immigrants from Muslim countries, many of whom are congregants of the small Madina Masjid Mosque , located on First Avenue and 11th Street. The neighborhood still has many historic synagogues, such as the Bialystoker Synagogue ,  Beth Hamedrash Hagadol , the Eldridge Street Synagogue ,  Kehila Kedosha Janina the only Greek synagogue in the Western Hemisphere ,  the Angel Orensanz Center the fourth oldest synagogue building in the United States , and various smaller synagogues along East Broadway.
Another landmark, the First Roumanian-American congregation the Rivington Street synagogue partially collapsed in , and was subsequently demolished. In addition, there is a major Hare Krishna temple and several Buddhist houses of worship. Chinese residents have also been moving into Lower East Side, and since the late 20th century, they have comprised a large immigrant group in the area.
The part of the neighborhood south of Delancey Street and west of Allen Street has, in large measure, become part of Chinatown. Grand Street is one of the major business and shopping streets of Chinatown. Also contained within the neighborhood are strips of lighting and restaurant supply shops on the Bowery. While the Lower East Side has been a place of successive immigrant populations, many American Jews relate to the neighborhood in a strong manner, much as Chinatown in San Francisco holds a special place in the imagination of Chinese Americans, and Astoria in the hearts of Greek Americans.
It was a center for the ancestors of many people in the metropolitan area, and it was written about and portrayed in fiction and films. In the late twentieth century, Jewish communities have worked to preserve a number of buildings associated with the Jewish immigrant community. The neighborhood has become home to numerous contemporary art galleries. Taking an activist approach to art that grew out of The Real Estate Show the take over of an abandoned building by artists to open an outsider gallery only to have it chained closed by the police ABC No Rio kept its sense of activism , community, and outsiderness.
The product of this open, expansive approach to art was a space for creating new works that did not have links to the art market place and that were able to explore new artistic possibilities.
Other outsider galleries sprung up throughout the Lower East Side and East Village—some at the height of the scene in the s, including the Ridge Street Gallery among others. In December , the New Museum relocated to a brand-new, critically acclaimed building on Bowery at Prince. A growing number of galleries are opening in the Bowery neighborhood to be in close proximity to the museum. The Museum of Reclaimed Urban Space , which opened in , exhibits photography featuring the neighborhood in addition to chronicling its history of activism.
Social service agencies like Henry Street Settlement and Educational Alliance have visual and performing arts programs, the former at Abrons Arts Center , a home for contemporary interdisciplinary arts.
The neighborhood is also home to several graffiti artists, such as Chico and Jean-Michel Basquiat. As the neighborhood gentrified and has become safer at night, it has become a popular late night destination.
Orchard, Ludlow and Essex between Rivington Street and Stanton Street have become especially packed at night, and the resulting noise is a cause of tension between bar owners and longtime residents. The Lower East Side is also home to many live music venues.
The Lower East side is the location of the Slipper Room a burlesque, variety and vaudeville theatre on Orchard and Stanton. Variety shows are regularly hosted by comedians James Habacker, Bradford Scobie , Matthew Holtzclaw and Matt Roper under the guise of various characters.
Roosevelt Park and Seward Park are among the public parks in the area. ELHS' instructional model is English-immersion with an ethnically diverse student body. The original school in the building was opened and closed The FDR Drive is on the neighborhood's south and east ends. There are multiple bike lanes in the area. It's the era of greed, when the poor are objects of scorn not sympathy, and the gentrifiers view themselves as urban pioneers.
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