Frustrated by his failure to save Glen Canyon, Brower invested significant Sierra Club resources in campaigns to stop any more dams inside national parks or monuments.
In a drive to prevent a dam in the Grand Canyon, the Sierra Club ran controversial full-page advertisements on the back page of the New York Times. The Sierra Club also played a key role in passage of the Wilderness Act of , which initially protected 9 million acres of public land and now protects over million acres. These victories brought the Sierra Club national attention and many new members. But they also angered some politicians.
These power brokers successfully pressured the Internal Revenue Service IRS to revoke the Sierra Club's tax-exempt status in for being too "political. Brower eventually came to believe that the IRS's action was a blessing, liberating the Sierra Club to build political muscle and mobilize its growing membership to vote, lobby, and protest. To raise public awareness about the wilderness, the Sierra Club developed coffee-table books that included stunning nature photographs, many by Ansel Adams, so readers could fall in love with the wilderness and feel a connection to conservationists' call for its preservation.
Some members of the Sierra Club board -- with ties to the utility's executives -- did not share that position, and as a result, in the board asked Brower to resign.
Today the Sierra Club has 1. Later in life, Brower rejoined the organization's board, held an honorary position as vice president, and received the club's John Muir Award in Brower gained wider attention when John McPhee wrote a three-part profile of him in the New Yorker in and then expanded the article into a best-selling biography, Encounters with the Archdruid ; the title refers to an insult that one property developer used for Brower. After leaving the Sierra Club, Brower founded two new organizations: The LCV has played an important role in electoral politics by endorsing candidates and educating and mobilizing voters.
Buy Wildness Within, The: Remembering David Brower on uzotoqadoh.tk ✓ FREE SHIPPING on qualified orders. The Wildness Within: Remembering David Brower. Kenneth Brower. A portrait of the modern environmental movement. “A worthy tribute and a good lesson on.
It generated lots of publicity in , immediately after the first Earth Day, when in partnership with the organization Environmental Action it published the first scorecard rating politicians' voting records on environmental issues, including a "Dirty Dozen" list of members of Congress with the worst records. Every two years since then, the LCV has ranked every member of the House and Senate on his or her environmental voting record. This was a brilliant maneuver, helping educate the public about environmental issues, providing the media with an easy-to-report story, and giving ammunition to LCV's local and state chapters to support or oppose their congressmembers.
In its first year, the LCV worked successfully to defeat several of the Dirty Dozen members seeking reelection. These reports and electoral campaigns are among Brower's most lasting legacies. In over 80 percent of the 1, candidates endorsed by LCV won their elections. At FOE, Brower used confrontational tactics, including marches, boycotts, and sit-ins, to generate publicity and develop an ideology of radical defense of the environment.
But Brower had a falling out with FOE leaders, who wanted the organization to focus more on policy research and legislation and less on protest. Brown left FOE in Irrepressible, after leaving FOE, Brower founded yet another organization, the Earth Island Institute, to promote conservation and environmental projects around the world. Its efforts to address toxic dumping and public health problems in poor communities helped push the larger environmental movement, including the Sierra Club, to recognize the class and race aspects of environmental problems.
Brower constantly warned that mainstream environmental organizations were too closely aligned with and were sometimes co-opted by corporations and corporate-funded foundations that disdained confrontation. By employing tactics used by suffragists, civil rights activists, and the antiwar movement--including civil disobedience aimed at corporations as well as government -- Brower helped inspire a new wave of environmentalism by Greenpeace, Earth First, and other organizations. Over time, the Sierra Club, the Wilderness Society, and other mainstream groups, too, were influenced by the more radical wing of the environmental movement.
In the late s Brower built bridges between environmentalists and labor unions, two movements that were often at odds, in hopes of igniting a progressive "blue-green" coalition. In he helped organize the Alliance for Sustainable Jobs and the Environment.
Maxxam's Kaiser Aluminum subsidiary was locking out striking workers in five cities, and another subsidiary, Pacific Lumber Company, was clear-cutting ancient redwoods in northern California. Calling these two Maxxam-owned companies "icons of corporate irresponsibility," the alliance issued its "Houston Principles," which Brower helped craft, pledging greater cooperation in protecting jobs and fighting pollution. In November , the year-old Brower participated in the "Battle in Seattle," the massive protest against the World Trade Organization that brought labor and environmental groups together again.
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