Electronic Basis of the Strength of Materials (Cambridge Solid State Science Series)


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This book will introduce the reader to current concepts in the field. It contains problems and exercises to help readers develop their skills. Although designed principally as a textbook for advanced undergraduates and graduate students, this book will also be of value as a supplementary text for more general courses and to industrial scientists and engineers involved in the development of ceramic-based products, materials selection and mechanical design.

This book provides an in-depth treatment of the instrumentation, physical bases and applications of X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy XPS and static secondary ion mass spectroscopy SSIMS with a specific focus on the subject of polymeric materials. XPS and SSIMS are widely accepted as the two most powerful techniques for polymer surface chemical analysis, particularly in the context of industrial research and problem solving.

The book also includes details of case studies emphasising the complementary and joint application of XPS and SSIMS in the investigation of polymer surface structure and its relationship to the properties of the material. This book will be of value to academic and industrial researchers interested in polymer surfaces and surface analysis. Fibrous Materials Krishan Kumar Chawla https: This book is about the processing, microstructure and properties of materials in fibrous form. The range of fibrous materials covered spans natural polymeric fibres such as silk, synthetic polymeric fibres such as aramid and polyethylene, metallic fibres such as steel and tungsten, and ceramic fibres such as alumina and silicon carbide.

The author explains the fundamentals in a clear and concise manner and describes important advances in the production and control of microstructure in high stiffness and high strength fibres. The text contains large numbers of diagrams and micrographs to bring home to the reader the important principles and concepts. The book will be of value to senior undergraduates, beginning graduate students and researchers in the fields of materials science and engineering, metallurgy, ceramics, textile physics and engineering, mechanical engineering and chemical engineering.

Gibson , Michael F. In this new edition of their classic work on Cellular Solids, the authors have brought the book completely up to date, including new work on processing of metallic and ceramic foams and on the mechanical, electrical and acoustic properties of cellular solids. Data for commercially available foams are presented on material property charts; two new case studies show how the charts are used for selection of foams in engineering design. Over references appearing in the literature since the publication of the first edition are cited.

6 editions of this work

The text summarises current understanding of the structure and mechanical behaviour of cellular materials, and the ways in which they can be exploited in engineering design. Cellular solids include engineering honeycombs and foams which can now be made from polymers, metals, ceramics and composites as well as natural materials, such as wood, cork and cancellous bone. Stability of Microstructure in Metallic Systems 2nd edition J. The second edition of this textbook, popular amongst students and faculty alike, investigates the various causes of thermodynamic instability in metallic microstructures.

Materials theoretically well designed for a particular application may prove inefficient or even useless unless stable under normal working conditions. The authors examine current experimental and theoretical understanding of the kinetics behind structural change in metals. The entire text has been updated in this new edition, and a completely new chapter on highly metastable alloys has been added.

The degree to which kinetic stability of the material outweighs its thermodynamic instability is very important, and dictates the useful working life of the material. If the structure is initially produced to an optimum, such changes will degrade the properties of the material. This comprehensive and well-illustrated text, accompanied by ample references, will allow final year undergraduates, graduate students and research workers to investigate in detail the stability of microstructure in metallic systems. Superplasticity in Metals and Ceramics T. This book describes advances in the field of superplasticity.

This is the ability of certain materials to undergo very large tensile strains, a phenomenon that has increasing commercial applications, but also presents a fascinating scientific challenge in attempts to understand the physical mechanisms that underpin it.

Electronic basis of the strength of materials / John J. Gilman - Details - Trove

The authors emphasise the materials aspects of superplasticity. They begin with a brief history of the phenomenon. This is followed by a description of the two major types of superplasticity - fine-structure and internal-stress superplasticity - together with a discussion of their operative mechanisms. In addition, microstructural factors controlling the ductility and fracture in superplastic materials are presented.

Mathematics Gives You Wings

The observations of superplasticity in metals including aluminium, magnesium, iron, titanium and nickel , ceramics including monoliths and composites , intermetallics including iron, nickel, and titanium base , and laminates are thoroughly described. The technological and commercial applications of superplastic forming and diffusion bonding are presented and examples given. An Introduction to Composite Materials 2nd edition D. This edition has been greatly enlarged and updated to provide both scientists and engineers with a clear and comprehensive understanding of composite materials.

Cambridge Solid State Science Series

In describing both theoretical and practical aspects of their production, properties and usage, the book crosses the borders of many disciplines. Coverage has been increased to include polymeric, metallic and ceramic matrices and reinforcement in the form of long fibres, short fibres and particles. Designed primarily as a teaching text for final-year undergraduates in materials science and engineering, this book will also interest undergraduates and postgraduates in chemistry, physics, and mechanical engineering.

In addition, it will be an excellent source book for academic and technological researchers on materials. Modern technology depends on materials with precisely controlled properties. Ion beams are a favoured method to achieve controlled modification of surface and near-surface regions. In every integrated circuit production line, for example, there are ion implantation systems. In addition to integrated circuit technology, ion beams are used to modify the mechanical, tribological and chemical properties of metal, intermetallic and ceramic materials without altering their bulk properties.

Ion—solid interactions are the foundation that underlies the broad application of ion beams to the modification of materials. This text is designed to cover the fundamentals and applications of ion—solid interactions and is aimed at graduate students and researchers interested in electronic devices, surface engineering, reactor and nuclear engineering and material science issues associated with metastable phase synthesis. The theory of how metals conduct electronically had for a long time been confined to metals that are crystalline with the constituent atoms in regular arrays.

The discovery of how to make solid amorphous alloys led to an explosion of measurements of the electronic properties of these new materials, and the emergence of a range of interesting low temperature phenomena. This book describes in physical terms the theory of the electrical conductivity, Hall coefficient, magnetoresistance and thermopower of disordered metals and alloys. The author begins by showing how conventional Boltzmann theory can be extended and modified when the mean free path of the conduction electrons becomes comparable with their wavelength and interionic separation.

The consequence of this is explored and the theory tested by application to experimental data on metallic glasses. Designed as a self-contained review, the book will appeal to non-specialist physicists, metallurgists and chemists with an interest in disordered metals. Modern Techniques of Surface Science 2nd edition D. This is a fully revised and expanded edition of a very successful and widely used book.

It describes the physical basis of all the principal, and most of the more specialised, techniques currently employed in the study of well-characterised solid surfaces. The coverage of each technique, illustrated with selected examples, is underpinned by discussion of the relevant physical principles, and the complementary aspects of the various methods are also described. Throughout, the emphasis is on understanding the concepts involved, rather than on an exhaustive review of applications. The book will be of great use to final year undergraduate and postgraduate students in physics, chemistry and materials science.

It will also be valuable to established researchers in any area of surface science concerned with the acquisition and analysis of experimental data. Boyd , Paul J. This book is an introduction to polymers and focuses on the synthesis, structure and properties of the individual molecules that constitute polymeric materials. It approaches polymeric materials from a molecular basis on the belief that there is a common core of knowledge and principles concerning polymer molecules that can be set out in an introductory work. Subjects treated include an introductory overview of synthesis, an introduction of the concept and definition of molecular weight and its distribution, experimental methods for measuring molecular weight, a more detailed view of polymerization including kinetics and mechanism, and the three-dimensional architecture of polymers as determined by conformation and stereochemistry.

The statistical description of the conformational disorder of the molecules is covered and then built upon in treating rubber elasticity and polymer solutions. McBrierty , Kenneth J. This book is an authoritative and comprehensive account of the principles and practice of NMR spectroscopy of solids as applied to polymeric materials to determine their structure and dynamics at a molecular level.

NMR spectroscopy has been applied to the characterization of polymers in solid state for over 40 years. The past few decades have seen the development of many new NMR capabilities, including high-resolution techniques for solids, multi-dimensional methods, deuterium NMR and others. All of these developments have contributed to a dramatic increase in the power and applicability of NMR for the characterization, at a molecular level, of the dynamics and structural organization of polymeric solids.

The applications chapters emphasize the polymer types and properties. The authors have included an introduction to all the main principles of the technique involved in its application to solid polymers. Rigorous and detailed analytical treatment of all main areas is also available.

Metal matrix composites constitute a new class of materials, now starting to make a major industrial impact in fields as diverse as aerospace, automotives and electronics. This book gives a comprehensive, integrated coverage of these materials, including the background to analytical-, experimental-, production and application-oriented aspects. Clear pictorial descriptions are given of the basic principles governing various properties and characteristics; these encompass mechanical, thermal, electrical, environmental and wear behaviour.

Coverage also extends to material processing and component fabrication aspects and to a survey of commercial usage. This book is aimed primarily at scientists, engineers, production managers and all those involved in research on new materials in general, and metal matrix composites in particular, but may also be suitable for use as a text in beginning graduate and advanced undergraduate courses. Fracture of Brittle Solids 2nd edition Brian Lawn https: This is an advanced text for higher degree materials science students and researchers concerned with the strength of highly brittle covalent—ionic solids, principally ceramics.

It is a reconstructed and greatly expanded edition of a book first published in Read more Read less. Prime Book Box for Kids. Cambridge Solid State Science Paperback: Cambridge University Press; 1 edition September 11, Language: Related Video Shorts 0 Upload your video. Share your thoughts with other customers. Write a customer review.

There was a problem filtering reviews right now. Please try again later. One of the big "interdisciplinary" subjects in science and technology today is using atomic-scale simulations and high-end characterization techniques to determine the electronic structure of materials, and understanding reactions at surfaces and between molecules. One topic that often gets shorted in terms of publications of both journals and books is how the electronic structure of a material can be used to understand its mechanical properties.

This is unfortunate, especially considering that mechanical properties are often easier to measure, calculate, visualize and understand than electrical, optical, or magnetic properties. This book addresses this deficiency, and for this I give it one star. The book begins with introductions to quantum mechanics and deformation mechanics that undergraduates in science or engineering can understand. From there, the book shows how the electronic configuration of different atoms can be used to deduce the type of solids they will form, and their mechanical properties such as bulk and shear modulus.

The different types of intermolecular and intramolecular bonding are also discussed, and how each is attributable to different electron configurations. The overall level of the book is appropriate for upper-division undergraduates in physics, chemistry, materials or mechanical engineering. All equations are accompanied by at least one paragraph of explanation, and the reader is never lead on complex derivations from one equation to another.

Models to illustrate theories are always explained in conceptual terms first, then in mathematical terms if space allows. Therefore, this is the easiest electronic structure book to understand and follow mathematically.

Also, most major models for use in simulating solids are covered. These include empirical models such as the Morse potential, Lennard-Jones potential, etc. I give this book a second star for addressing bonding from so many different viewpoints, and a third star for keeping the math simple and readable.

A fourth star goes to this book for its the simplified use of group theory. Many books on electronic and atomic structure introduce group theory, and then incorporate it via matrices in the rest of the text. This is appropriate for a complete understanding, but can be quite challenging to follow. This book takes an alternate course; for many concepts it simplifies the true 3-D picture to 1-D or 2-D thereby simplifying the symmetry considerations. I give this book its fifth star for its simple, yet elegant pictures, tables, and graphs.

I illustrate with two examples.

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First example is the comparison of moduli values for different materials. The book does this with 3-D plots that show how the moduli changes with one trend e. The second example are the pictures showing the different types of plastic deformation at the atomic-scale: They should use some of your pictures. I highly recommend this book to anyone who uses computer simulations or experimental techniques to examine the physical and mechanical properties of solids at the nanoscale.

I also recommend this book to materials scientists in general, and metallurgists in particular.

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After all, he is the co-author with W. Johnston of the classic paper on dislocation dynamics, a requisite building block of dislocation theory. We are also familiar with his work at Allied Chemical Corp. These two contributions alone would suffice to put him in the pantheon of materials. Gilman's restless and innovative mind has probed into many other areas, and the literature contains a cornucopia of creative contributions, ranging from kinking to dislocation multiplication mechanisms to deformation mechanisms in metallic glasses to detonation mechanisms in explosives.

Editorial Reviews

He also coined the term "Inventivity. This reviewer has also spent a considerable number of hours reading a book entitled Micromechanics of Flow in Solids McGraw Hill, unfortunately out of print. It is indeed a pleasant surprise to review the latest creative work of Professor Gilman: Electronic Basis of the Strength of Materials. The second should periodically follow the first, if one is to gain a profound, unified understanding of a field. This book is a remarkable expression of synthesis and represents an impressive accomplishment.