As dez plantas mais citadas foram: This study checked the use of medicinal plants found in the Cerrado mato-grossense for the treatment of hyperlipidemia and obesity. Interviews with people over 50 years were held in Nova Xavantina-MT. The questionnaire addressed popular name, part used, type of preparation and use of the species mentioned, beyond general information about the use of plants.
The ten plants most cited were collected, identified and studied through a literature review. Regarding adverse effects, Of the respondents, The ten most cited were: Despite the popular use of these plants for treatment of obesity and hyperlipidemia, further chemical and pharmacological studies are required to demonstrate these activities, in order to develop a phytotherapic product.
Ethnobotanical survey, Nova Xavantina, medicinal plants, anti-hyperlipidemic plants, anoretic plants, Cerrado.
Considerando esse fato, o presente estudo teve como objetivos: Foram convidadas a participar da pesquisa pessoas com idades entre 50 e 90 anos. Durante as entrevistas, para facilitar o entendimento dos moradores a respeito do tema, os entrevistadores utilizaram alguns termos populares, tais como: Este percentual reflete bom conhecimento dos entrevistados a respeito dos recursos utilizados pela medicina popular para o tratamento das hiperlipidemias e obesidade. Dentre as 54 plantas apresentadas, as dez mais citadas foram: A planta denominada como calunga Simaba sp.
One of the problems of calculating the impact of immigration in Brazilian demography is that the return rates of immigrants are unknown. Retrieved 11 December A planta denominada como calunga Simaba sp. Also Contador d'Argote distinguishes three main varieties of dialects: It is easy to see that the results of this research are widely incompatible with the claims made by embassies and commercial associations:. French and the languages of northern Italy especially Genoese , but with a deeper Celtic influence.
O guatambu Aspidosperma tomentosum Mart. A quina-do-cerrado Strychnos pseudoquina St. A folha de carne Casearia sylvestris Sw. Em estudo realizado por Pilla et al. Hypotensive and vasorelaxant effects of ethanolic extract from Jatropha gossypiifolia L. Albuquerque UP, Hanazaki N Rev Bras Farmacog Acta Bot Bras Bahramikia S, Yazdanparast R Effect of hydroalcoholic extracts of Nasturtium officinale leaves on lipid profile in high-fat diet rats.
Juiz de Fora, Brasil.
Borba AM, Macedo M A new antimalarial quassinoid from Simaba guianensis. J Nat Prod Eur J Nutr Cardiovascular effects of the South American medicinal plant Cecropia pachystachya ambay on rats. Golan DE, Tashjian Jr. Rio de Janeiro RJ: Guarim Neto G Plantas utilizadas na medicina popular do Estado de Mato-Grosso. O saber tradicional Pantaneiro: Rev Eletr Mestrado Edu Amb Hypolipemic activity of polyphenol-rich extracts from Ocimum basilicum in Triton WRinduced hyperlipidemic mice. An appetite suppressant from Hoodia species.
Clinical trial of Cecropia obtusifolia and Marrubium vulgare leaf extracts on blood glucose and serum lipids in type 2 diabetics. Evaluation of hypoglicemic activity and healing of extract from amongst bark of "Quina do Cerrado" Strychnos pseudoquina St. Acta Cir Bras Endocrinol Metab Clin N Am Malha municipal digital do Brasil: Rio de Janeiro RJ. Rev Bras Farmacogn Arq Bras Cardiol A novel plant membrane proteoglycan which causes anorexia in animals.
The rights inherent to Brazilians shall be attributed to Portuguese citizens with permanent residence in Brazil, if there is reciprocity in favour of Brazilians, except in the cases stated in this Constitution. The law may not establish any distinction between born and naturalized Brazilians, except in the cases stated in this Constitution. Are conditions for the granting of naturalization:. I - civilian capacity, according to Brazilian law ;. II - to be registered as permanent resident in Brazil;. III - continuous residence in the territory for a minimum period of 4 four years immediately preceding the application for naturalization;.
IV - read and write the Portuguese language , considering the conditions of naturalizing;. V - exercise of occupation or possession of sufficient assets to maintain itself and the family;. VII - no complaint, indictment in Brazil or abroad for a felony that is threatened in minimum sentence of imprisonment, abstractly considered, more than 1 one year. The period of residence prescribed in Article , item III, may be reduced if the naturalizing fill any of the following conditions:.
I - have a child or spouse of Brazil;.
1. Constituição, Brasil (). 2. Emenda Constitucional, Brasil. 3. Decreto Legislativo,. Brasil. I. Título. . Seção III – Dos Militares dos Estados, do Distrito Federal e dos Territórios (art. 42) Subseção III – Das Leis (arts. 61 a 69). Free online audio books no download Constituição do Estado de Mato Grosso - Brasil (Leis do Brasil Livro 1) (Portuguese Edition) på dansk PDF PDB by.
Including same-sex spouse, see also: Same-sex immigration policy in Brazil. IV - commend themselves by their professional , scientific or artistic ; or. V - to be owner in Brazil, real estate , whose value is equal to at least a thousand times the greatest value of reference, or be provided with industrial funds of equal value, or hold quota shares or amount of paid-in least identical in commercial or civil society, aimed principally and permanently, the operation of industrial or agricultural activities.
Since the s, the Brazilian government has offered amnesty to foreigners in irregular situation  in four different campaigns, benefiting tens of thousands of foreigners living in Brazil. The latest campaign began in July by presidential decree , and though it officially ended at the close of , some cases are still pending. Until now, 41, foreigners received amnesty through the amnesty program, though there are another 2, cases expected to be finished in early While foreigners who received amnesty obtained the right to work and access health and education services, they are unable to vote or run for public office.
They may opt to apply for citizenship after a probation period of residency in order to obtain these rights. But it seems to fit in with the Lula administration's international policies, including ramped up diplomacy and establishing ties with other nations, but also establishing itself as a competitor with developed countries. By showing that it is a center for immigrants in the Western Hemisphere , particularly in South America, and more importantly, that it is supposedly a benevolent and welcoming country for immigrants, it helps Brazil's international public image.
Those who would benefit from the amnesty, following publication of the law in the Brazilian Official Gazette in July , have up to days after the time of their temporary residence permit valid for 2 years to apply. They must also aver their clean criminal record or submit a recent, official document of good conduct from the originating country.
During these two years, they must not exceed 90 consecutive days spent abroad. Ninety days prior to the expiration of the temporary residence permit, they must aver their self-sufficiency in Brazil. If they can prove they are eligible for a permanent residence permit. Only ten years after receiving a permanent residence permit may be eligible for naturalization to be Brazilian. Immigration has been a very important demographic factor in the formation, structure and history of the population in Brazil, influencing culture, economy, education, racial issues, etc.
Brazil has received the third largest number of immigrants in the Western Hemisphere , after only Argentina , Canada and The United States. In the years from — at least 5. Italy, Portugal and Spain. The rest came from different parts of Europe, the Middle East and Japan.
According to historian Samuel H. However, the Brazilian high class was more intolerant, with most of them marrying other members of the elite. In some cases, to marry an immigrant was accepted if the person had achieved fortune or had some prestige. In , as many as , Portuguese immigrants were recorded in the Federal District of Brazil nowadays the city of Rio de Janeiro , more Portuguese born people than any other city in the world, except for Lisbon which had , inhabitants in In the South of Brazil , there were three main groups of immigrants: Germans, Italians and Slavs mainly Poles and Ukrainians.
The Germans had been settling Rio Grande do Sul since As a result of the great internal migration of people in Rio Grande do Sul, Germans and second generation descendants started to move to other areas of the Province. A similar process has occurred in Santa Catarina , with initially two main destinations for German immigrants Blumenau , created in , and Joinville in and then the immigrants or their descendants moved to other areas.
Arriving in larger numbers than Germans, in the s, groups of Italians started settling northeast Rio Grande do Sul. Similar to Germans, they were also attracted to develop small familiar farming production. Some of these colonies had a great development and gave birth to major Brazilian cities, such as the former German community of Joinville , inhabitants—the largest city of the state of Santa Catarina or the former Italian community of Caxias do Sul , inhabitants.
Other colonies did not have a great development and remained small and agrarian. In these places, it is possible to feel more intensely the impact of the immigration, as many of these towns are still predominantly settled by a single ethnic group. Brazilian demographers have long discussed the demographical impact of the wave of emigration in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. One of the problems of calculating the impact of immigration in Brazilian demography is that the return rates of immigrants are unknown.
Considering hypothesis 2 based on Neiva , it would be of 17,, people, or Considering hypothesis 3 based on Mortara, and considered most realistic , it would be of 22,, people, or Considering hypothesis 4 no return at all , the Population of Immigrant origin would be of 29,, people, or The White population grew faster than the non-White population due to the subsidized immigration of Europeans in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
The disproportionally fast growth of the White population , due to mass immigration, lasted up to , when its proportion in the Brazilian population peaked at Thence, for the period of —, Portuguese immigration became the main drive of immigration to Brazil, with The Brazilian Censuses do not ask questions about " ethnic origin", so there are no systematically comparable data about the impact of immigration.
Varied entities, mainly embassies of foreign countries in Brazil and commercial associations that promote bilateral commerce between Brazil and other countries, make claims about the figures of " descendants of immigrants " in Brazil, but none links to any actual survey. Also, if they are extrapolations of actual data on the number of immigrants, the calculations are not explained anywhere. Here are its results: It is easy to see that the results of this research are widely incompatible with the claims made by embassies and commercial associations:.
The embassy figures are also hardly compatible with the known data for immigration. Here is how they compare:. The embassy figures for " Arab Brazilians " imply an impossible rate of childbirth. Among the groups listed in the table, German immigrants arrived quite early in Brazil, starting in the s. Italian immigrants only started to arrive in the s, coming in enormous numbers until , when Italian immigration declined sharply. Spaniards started arriving about the same time as the Italians, but came in more steady pace, which means that, in average, they represent a more recent immigration.
Arabs only started to arrive in considerable numbers about , making them the second most recent immigration, after the Japanese, who started to arrive in When the number of immigrants is compared to the findings of the July PME, the results are different:. As happened with several other countries in the Americas, such as the United States, which received immigration from many countries, Brazil quickly became a melting pot of races and nationalities, but being peculiar in the sense of having the highest degree of intermarriage in the world.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Visa policy of Brazil. Recognition of same-sex couples in national immigration laws. American Journal of Human Genetics. Archived from the original on Rev Saude Publica in Portuguese. Recenseamento do Brazil em Archived from the original PDF on Text excerpted from a judicial sentence concerning crime of racism. Retrieved 7 May Feliciano Archived at the Wayback Machine. Table 3 , p. The total figure, ,, includes some non-Arabs, such as Greeks and Armenians Notice that while most Levantine immigrants fall under "Turks", this is actually a misnomer, as it refers to the passport of the Ottoman Empire used in their arrival to Brazil.
For this table, the sum for the period is given. The figure for Arab immigrants is based in Jeff Lesser. Syrian-Lebanese ethnicity in neoliberal Brazil , p. To obtain comparable figures, the percents found by the PME were applied to the Census population. Retrieved 21 August Archived from the original on May 30, Archived from the original on 18 September Archived from the original on 4 June Retrieved 16 December Archived from the original on 30 July Archived from the original on 27 January Archived from the original on 21 December Retrieved 24 August Archived from the original on 14 December Archived from the original on 14 May Archived from the original on 15 May Archived from the original on 22 February Archived from the original on 2 April